We have been living in our house for almost six years. It only takes one person to be influenced by the positive impact of the likes of Manny Pacquiao, Lea Salonga, or a Francis Libiran to create a rift that will spread their positivity and turn things around to the right direction. It’s being consistent that is the challenge; being at your best on a daily basis. Shown here are small samples of the standard facia “board” (left) and the gutter (right) used in Philippine metal roofing. Our frame is welded up of 1″ x 1″ angle bar and 1″ flat bar. One time she failed to give us the usual friendly greeting to us as we walked in to negotiate an order for more building materials. (1840) Imperata angolensis Fritsch (1901) Imperata arundinacea Cyr. This would allow us to have quite a lot of open space in the attic, although we never requested this and are unlikely to use the attic space. This is a very slick, economical and attractive system which provides a durable roof able to withstand the monsoons, typhoons, termites and other rigors of life in the Philippines at a moderate cost. The Filipino phrase “ningas-kugon” is used to describe a Filipino trait. Oregano as an Alternative. 2015; EDDMapS 2016). Perhaps that is because some use cheap plywood or because cement board does not hold up well in that location. These roofing systems are generally available in .4, .5  and .6mm thickness. In Western architectural lingo such roofs are called “gablet” roofs or “Dutch gable” roofs. Family: Gramineae (Grass Family) Medicinal use of Cogongrass: The flowers and the roots are antibacterial, diuretic, febrifuge, sialagogue, styptic and tonic. Mats Price List December 2020 - Philippines. Rhizomes much extended, equally noded and white. Our trusses were designed so that they could span the entire house without support — sort of like what you’d see in a basketball court or warehouse. See more. Having lived in the house for four years, we have found another big advantage to the insulation is that the roof is MUCH quieter when it rains. This field guide describes and illustrates these characteristics and compares them to other grass species common found in similar habitats. We built the square vents at each corner of the house ourselves. This is usually done by a crew working for the company which sells the roofing. All vents are screened from above. An experiment was conducted to determine the nutritive value and nutrient digestibility in situ of cogon grass as affected by harvesting intervals in fresh and silage forms. The facia frame may also supports the soffit. You’ll also have to buy epoxy reducer, an expensive thinner for epoxy. Certainly the aesthetic for this roof  is inspired by the roof profile of the beloved Philippine “bahay kubo” native bamboo house. This rustic bahay kubo roof design, transferred to wood frame and concrete buildings,  has evolved to incorporate a ventilator in the peak of the roof. It is a serious pest throughout the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world and is ranked as the seventh most troublesome weed worldwide [16]. Cogongrass is an aggressive, rhizomatous, perennial grass that is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. The interior walls are 3.4 meters above the finished floor. Land line phone for Far Eastern is +63-33-337-2654. There are much better metal roofing systems which have no exposed screws. It has a plain and rolling land terrain. In retrospect (5-12) this was probably not a good decision for our very exposed location. Native range – Thailand, Philippines, Japan, portions of East China. Bob was brought up in the northern U.S. where every valley was another spot for ice and snow to build up and cause ice dams and leaks to form,  so simple roofs are an instinctive choice. Learn how your comment data is processed. She joked, “if you want friendly, go to Jolibee” and laughed. The trusses are welded to stubs of rebar previously embedded in the roof beam for that purpose. The low pitched hip roofs seen on many Philippine houses are practical and affordable. Cogon grass in the Philippines. I have some experience with high quality metal roofing on U.S. historic restoration projects. Being “ningas-kugon” impedes our path in reaching our full potential. This “facia frame” extends around the entire roof edge. Generally .4mm is used as it’s the least expensive. Roof is going up 4-10-10. The center girt is 40cm wide and is welded up from 2″ x 2″ angle bar, 5mm for the frame and 3mm for the webbing. Holes are drilled in the purlins and the tie wire in threaded through the purlins. We could have spectacular cathedral ceilings, but will likely install ceilings between 3.2 and 3.4 meters above the finish floor level giving us a 10 foot ceiling height. It’s cheaper than wood. At the eves they can be welded across the rafter tails. Here you see four 12mm rebar wrapped around the truss and welded in place. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. The propagation and growth of cogongrass (Imperata cylindrica L. If a downspout is clogged the water will overflow the gutter. )is a warm-season perennial grass species found throughout tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world (Hubbard 1944). Good quality sheet metal (such as Galvalume)  riveted to the soffit frame should be a good choice. Originally, the height of our roof from the top of the wall to the peak of the roof girt was to be 2.5 meters. The soffit frame is constructed of 1½ x 1½” 1/8″ (2mm) angle bar. The .4mm roofing is rather easily damaged by workers and ladders and rusts out more quickly. Once the roofing is on, the matching ridge caps and any other accessories go on. africana Andersson (1855) Imperata arundinacea var. It is a serious pest throughout the tropical and sub-tropical regions of the world and is ranked as the seventh most troublesome weed worldwide [16]. This photo shows the soffit frame (below) and the facia frame. Our choice of plywood for the soffits was probably not a good one. The hip roof has been very popular in traditional Philippine buildings and for good reason. The roof above was popular in the 19th century but during the Commonwealth era one starts to see a modification which adds roof vents. This angle bar is P305 for a 6 meter length. We were told to expect to pay about P500 per square foot for our roof but using better materials drove the price higher. The plywood is attached to the steel soffit frame with 3/16″ blind rivets. Soffits are one of the parts (along with gutters) of the Philippine house that tend to deteriorate quickly and to require the most maintenance. One of the things this toxic trait affects is our progress. The flowers are used in the treatment of haemorrhages, wounds etc. For all those years the management keeps on battling with the ups and downs of the organization. (One reader suggests that this is inadequate. The concrete floor will be poured over the conduit. The said industry is an enormous battlefield that needs to be won. Followup. Cogon grass field in windy. Roof going on. For newer patches, tillage can eliminate cogongrass from an area if continued during the course of a growing season. While we have not had serious problems during the first three years, our soffits get dark with mildew quite quickly. We are doing that, but it’s a big job. Reflective foil under roof. Traditional Philippines houses had “dos aguas” or “quatro aguas” roofs. Cogongrass, Imperata cylindrica (L.) Palisot de Beauvois (Cyperales: Poaceae), is a serious invasive weed in the southeastern USA. Workers install Mahogany ventilator in roof peak of our new home, More at /our-house-project-design-devolution/. For Filipinos, the provincial life  and the bahay kubo conjure up an idyllic paradise lost. The rivet heads are recessed and filled. They are decocted and used to treat urinary tract infections, fevers, thirst etc. It’s a trait that unfortunately has been engrained in our culture across different generations. Beach umbrella made from cogon grass. Our immediate supervisors at work, our teachers at school, our parents. China Cogon roof Philippines factory,Specializing in supply high quality Cogon roof Philippines,simulated products,Inquire us for more details now! Located centrally in the city, Cogon overlooks Tagbilaran Bay to the west, to the south, it is bounded by Poblacion 2, to the east by Barangay Dampas and Dao and to the north by Barangay Booy. This grass,cogon, is too thick and strong to be turned by therude plows in use, and immense portions of the countryhave thus become useless except for pasture. More Once they see and feel that your motivation to work disappears, it’s possible that they will lose their confidence in you. To recap; a system of lightweight steel purlins are installed perpendicular to the trusses. Particularly on a job or any project. We finally decided on a one story home but kept the roof design we liked so much. This is a soffit with decorative ventilation on an old building in Lucban, Quezon Province. Surveys for potential biological control agents of cogongrass were conducted in Asia and East Africa from 2013 to 2016. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Getting through can be a challenge. europea Andersson (1855) Imperata arundinacea var. Making roof rafters in our on-site welding shop. Increasingly elaborate roof designs are very popular, especially for houses that are or aspire to be “upscale”. This requires less steel and saves money. Agricultural waste is seasonal, because it is only available after the food crop such as corn is harvested. Today, a vast number of states and countries around the world include this type of grass on their “Top invasives” lists. These are our 2″ x 3″ 1.2mm roof purlins. We have drawn some conclusions from Typhoon Yolanda damage in Tacloban, including ways that our roof could be made more typhoon resistant. Cogongrass control varies according to the age and rhizome mat density and depth. More on that later. This system seems to work. Performing in full capacity and maintaining it are two different beasts. The long vents are available for purchase at building supply stores. The epoxy paint will be touched up with paint matching the gutter. It has a plain and rolling land terrain. Cogongrass was introduced into the southeastern USA in the early 1900s as packing material and as a livestock forage grass, putatively from Japan and the Philippines, respectively , and has since spread throughout the southeastern USA from Texas to North Carolina (Burrell et al. This has proved to be a blessing. The rust causes stains on the roofing. Beach umbrella made from cogon grass. The blackish material you see in the photo below is epoxy paint to try to reduce the corrosion. Cogon grass is globally known as a pest and one of the top ten worst weeds in the world. Several insect herbivores were found that may have restricted host ranges based on field collection data and life histories. How Video Resume Will Change The Future Of Recruitment In The Philippines March 12, 2020; Things You Need To Know About The Future Of Job Search March 6, ... “Burning Cogon Grass” or Ningas-Kugon Kills Filipino Success. Tel : 0086 134 0062 3179 Email : [email protected] Proceedings, Southern Weed Science Society, 36th annual meeting, 349-350 Wilcut JW, Dute RR, Truelove B, Davis DE, 1988. The roofing and gutters have generally held up well. Note that, except for the plywood soffits,  not one bit wood is used in the entire roof structure. Also shown are collar ties at the peak of the roof. It was first found growing wild in Alabama in 1912. We purchased the roofing from and it was installed by Far Eastern Hardware, 38 Quezon Street, in Iloilo City. If you can afford it, the .6mm roofing is very worthwhile. We have to keep in mind that this common Philippine roofing system is designed for economy. Thanks to those rhizomes, new tufts of grass will also pop up as far as 15′ from a previous clump of grass. In total, the roof is held on by at least thirty such rebars. It is essential that you are at your best, and you can achieve that for a day. We did not see any roofs of this type blown off during Typhoon Frank in Iloilo City. The total cost of the roof excluding the structural elements but including insulation and installation is about P280,000 or about P700 per square meter. Mobile for Ms. Ang is+63-918-888-2228. Cogon grass field in windy. almost 5 decades. Insulation. We like to keep our readers updated on how things are holding up, be they good or not so good. Stems solid, rather slender; nodes glabrous or bearded. You can get creative. I consider the use of these sealants to be a bad sign. We have a modest single story house. Cogon grass is called by the Japanese as bloodgrass and is considered a noxious weed ... , and in the presidency of Rodrigo Duterte, the speck of light at the end of the tunnel the Philippines is going through, can already be seen even from the far distance. The reducer is about P420 per gallon. Metal trusses of of various designs rise from the roof beam which top the hollow block walls. We used Boysen Red Oxide Epoxy Primer which we bought from Iloilo City Hardware on Iznart Street in Iloilo City. This makes a big difference, especially sleeping on stormy nights. It affects the lives of vegetation around, wildlife habitat, recreation, site management, and even native plants that can only be found in specific places. We were dubious about the durability of foam under such extremely hot conditions. It is much noisier when it rains. The older members of my construction crew still understand and use these old Spanish terms. We dealt with Victoria “Baby” Ang. On the spot, we decided to increase the roof height to 3.0 meters This what’s possible when you’re running your own crew, but such decisions, if they’re not carefully thought out, can have ramifications you’ve not yet imagined. If you can find and afford them, stainless steel screws would be far better. These over-complex roofs are a recent development in the Philippines. known as pathogenic bacteria. A recent sequencebased molecular study, which included cogongrass samples from … In the United States, it is naturalized in Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, Georgia, Florida, Alabama, Mississippi… See also your problems with catch basins settling and disconnecting downspouts at Beware of clay soils in Philippine construction. Cogon grass fields are often burned after being cut. As sad it is, this detrimental trait has been associated with us Filipinos as some of us have shown, or still shows, this behavior. Cogon grass fields are often burned after being cut. This spacing improves the reflective properties of the foil. Soffits. Cogon grass [Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv.] The facia frame is the structural heart of the Philippine roof cornice system. Stems are spreading and branching below withe the flowering branches 20 to 70 centimeters high. See https://myphilippinelife.com/lessons-from-yolanda-building-construction/, Metal Roof Basics. Young infestations are usually easier to control than older well-established infestations. Just consider the current crop of TV soaps which alternate between a sorid, squabbling life in huge, pretentious houses in Manila, lives filled with greed, envy and bickering. Our rental apartment has a metal roof. In today’s fast-paced digital age, you will need every advantage to. Our roof design goes against the trend. The more valleys, ridges, dormers and other complications the more impressive the house. It affects the lives of vegetation around, wildlife habitat, recreation, site management, and even native plants that can only be found in specific places. Art of War an Application. The surface area of our roof  is about 300 square meters. However, it is well known globally that Filipinos are hardworking due to the success our fellow countrymen have attained across our different fields which means there is still hope that this stigma that some have caused to spread can be erased. Chocolate Hills in Bohol, Philippines. Total protein in the pollen extracts ranged from 281.3-968.61 μg/ml. The heads of the “tek” screws which attached the roofing to the purlins are rusting. At all times, they retain a uniform look as, curiously, no trees or clumps of shrubs will grow on them. Tel : 0086 134 0062 3179 Email : [email protected] We originally ordered .5mm for the roofing and .6mm for the gutters but it was not available so we had to order .6mm at a considerably higher price. Including the peak vents added complexity to the construction, cost quite a lot of extra money, will require maintenance and really provide little or no benefit. Cogongrass has a unique combination of characteristics that make field identification possible. Leaves: flat, linear-lanceolate, 20 to 50 cm long, and 5 to 9 mm wide. (1792) Imperata arundinacea var. Steel trusses of various designs rise from the topmost concrete roof beam. Summary. Cogongrass first appeared in the area around Grand Bay, Alabama as an escape from S… Doing your best is always a requirement for anything you do. Our roof needed 85 of these purlins. Cogongrass Biology. 1977). We’re using a light color. The cost was P603 per gallon. Leaves are narrow lanceolate, flat and thin, glabrous, 8 to 20 centimeters long, 5 to 15 millimeters wide. For all of our sakes, this trait needs to be removed from our mindset. Cogongrass [Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv.] The roofing is available in a range of colors. The installation of the facia frame, facia board and gutter allow the tweaks and adjustments so that the final roof installation can proceed smoothly. Turnbuckles welded to rebar are used to bring rafters into alighnment before purlins are attached. Iloilo City. Cogongrass has a unique combination of characteristics that make field identification possible. Native to Southeast Asia, cogongrass is an aggressive invasive plant that that has spread to all continents except Antarctica (MacDonald 2004) and is considered among the worst problematic weeds on a global scale (Holm et al. By exhibiting this kind of attitude, we cannot ever establish the trust of important people, the people that play important roles in our rise and fall. Cogon grass is a perennial grass that can be found commonly thrives around areas where disturbed by human activities (figure 1). Cogon grass [Imperata cylindrica (L.) Beauv.] In this case we seem to have gotten away with this snap decision. We need both to help ourselves eliminate the “ningas-kugon” that’s killing our success and keep that flame burning. It has become established in the southeastern United States within the last fifty years, with Alabama, Mississippi, and Florida having extensive acreage of roadway and pasture infested with cogongrass. The initial tillage should begin in the spring (March through May) with an implement that inverts the soil to a depth of at least 6 inches. The insulation, foil face up,  is supported by a network of 16 gauge galvanized “tie” wire. Guimbal has a new city hall but thankfully has preserved the very elegant older one. Our roof  trusses were a bit unusual. The coin is Not For Sale. Roofing systems have become very standardized in the Philippines. The total height is about 20 feet. Photo from HCS. English: Cogon grass Tagalog: Kugon. Completed roof structure in background. At the rakes, the facia frame is welded to ends of the purlins. Through experimentation, they developed their trademark handmade paper using cogon grass, a weed that interferes with local farming. Once the purlins, facia and soffit frames, facia board and gutters are in place, the long span roofing can be screwed to the purlins using self-tapping tek screws. It shows the scalloped prefabricated steel facia, the prefab gutter attached to the facia and the red oxide primed purlins supporting the unpainted galvanized roofing. An annual, erect, tufted grass, 30 to 80 cm high with a prominent underground stem. The other problem we have had with our house roof is corrosion where the downspouts connect to the gutters. by Silva, Lilia Bernales, 1944-; Subject: Sweet potatoes -- Philippines -- Research; Cogon grass -- Philippines; Plants, Effect of nitrogen on; Plants, effect of potassium on. All parts of this Philippine roofing system are matching;  preformed and pre-painted so that the entire ensemble of roof panel, gutter, facia board and ridge cap are in the same design and color. To 80 cm high with a prominent underground stem leave a 1/2″ air between... Of colors 15 ] mindset must follow as well purlins can be welded across the rafters ( trusses.! 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