This is a behavioral adaptation. Not only does it live in a burrow and is nocturnal, but it recaptures it’s own body moisture by storing food within its burrow. The kangaroo rat looks like a mouse-sized kangaroo with very large back feet for leaping quickly away from predators. If the predators can’t see them, they can’t eat them. This is a behavioral adaptation. Date of Electronic Publication or other Date, such as Last Updated. Without sweat, they are less able to cool their bodies, so they use their front legs to dig burrows underground. Empower Her. Kangaroo rats have broad skulls because they have large bony structures surrounding the inner ear, giving them extremely sensitive hearing. Now on to the Facts! What are some adaptations of the kangaroo rat that allow it to survive in the desert biome? They also have been seen kicking sand behind them to try to blind a predator that is in pursuit. When citing a WEBSITE the general format is as follows. Title: Subtitle: Section of Page if appropriate. The rat kangaroo is a sub-species of kangaroo, and quite different to the kangaroo rat of North America. Its fur color matches the sand and rocks where it lives in the deserts of the Southwestern U.S. They also have very oily coats. Heteromyid rodents (kangaroo rats, Dipodomys spp. Sarah Albert has been a writer and editor since 2003. Shape The World. Albert holds a B.A. She produced a workbook for the Shenandoah Women's Center and also enjoys covering animals. Lifespan: Up to 5 years. Ord's kangaroo rats are one of the most common kangaroo rats. kangaroo rat They have a number of other adaptations for desert life, allowing them to live in some of the driest climates in the world. Without water, would reach lethal limit of dehydration in around 2 hrs. Other structural adaptations that help the kangaroo rat survive are the large eyes and multi-boned ears that help them see and hear at night as they scavenge for food. Kangaroo rats dig burrows to protect themselves from predators and extreme heat. They also have very oily coats. For each explain how the animal is physically different from the kangaroo rat despite its jumping trait. ©2005-2020 Sheri Amsel. PART OF WILD SKY MEDIA | FAMILY & PARENTING, Endocrines and Osmoregulation: A Comparative Account in Vertebrates; PJ Bentley, International Wildlife Encyclopedia Set - Kangaroo Rat; Maurice Burton, Robert Burton, Arizona-Sonora Desert Museum: Heteromyidae: Kangaroo Rats & Pocket Mice. If a kangaroo rat cannot escape by jumping away, it will stay very still. 1) nocturnal activity (may be more cold-stressed than heat!) They also have been seen kicking sand behind them to try to blind a predator that is in pursuit. Structural Adaptations of the Kangaroo Rat. Kangaroo Rats are nocturnal, which protects them from the heat during the day. Without sweat, they are less able to cool their bodies, so they use their front legs to dig burrows underground. 1.) In order to stay cool they stay in their burrows during the day and come out at night. In the absence of an external source of water, the kangaroo rat in North American deserts is capable of meeting all its water requirements through its internal fat oxidation. The desert kangaroo rat (Dipodomys deserti) is a rodent species in the family Heteromyidae that is found in desert areas of southwestern North America. They can also survive in habitats such as grasslands and scrublands, located on different … These long loops of Henle give a greater opportunity for water to be reabsorbed. Animals That Can Go Long Periods Without Water, Physical Characteristics of Kangaroo Rats. make excellent models for answering questions about the evolution of diverse behaviour patterns. Despite living in the heat of the desert, kangaroo rats don't sweat. the adaptations of the excretory system of the kangaroo rat mean that it is better suited to survive in the desert. When you research information you must cite the reference. Adaptations Kangaroo rats are highly adapted structurally, physiologi- cally, and behaviorally for the arid environment which they inhabit. Kangaroo rats have pouches, but not for carrying their babies. 2.) © 2020 WILD SKY MEDIA. who use the same type of jumping locomotion as the kangaroo. As they live in the dessert, they have to deal with the extreme weather and temperatures. (Davis and Schmidly, 1994) Negative Impacts; crop pest; Conservation Status. The kangaroo rat has perhaps the most amazing combination of adaptations for desert survival. They have large cheek pouches lined with fur where they can store a number of seeds before having to return to their burrows. Dry seeds absorb moisture from the kangaroo rat’s breath, which condenses more readily in … To balance the temperature, kangaroo rats rocky areas sarah Albert has been a and. 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