Also covers those considered historical (not seen in 20 years). Cladrastis kentukea is a striking tree with long panicles of fragrant white flowers in June. Yellowwood won a Pennsylvania Horticultural Society Gold Award in 1994.[3]. Cladrastis kentukea American yellowwood Although smooth like the bark of a beech tree, the ornamental bark of the yellowwood is dark gray in color. It's an excellent small shade tree for smaller properties, as a single specimen or in groupings. The smooth dark gray bark along with the narrow branch angles makes a good winter identification feature. The yellowwood belongs to the Fabaceae (pea) family. Yellowwood is a rare tree native to isolated … NATIVE RANGE AND HABITAT. Species of Cladrastis are small to medium-sized deciduous trees typically growing 10–20 m tall, exceptionally to 27 m tall. Cladrastis kentukea (Dumont de Courset) Rudd: Common Name: Yellow Wood; Kentucky Yellow Wood: Habitat: Rich woods over calcareous substrates, especially on slopes. The only quality that is mentioned is a tendency of the trunk to divide very near the ground, as a multi-trunked tree.[2]. The major limitation to the wide use of this species was known long ago, as "Cladrastis" means "brittle wood" in Greek. The pinnate leaves are 20-30 … Phytologia; Designed to Expedite Botanical Publication. Scientific Name . Also the tree is sometimes called Virgilia.[2]. kentukea) is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree typically growing 10–15 metres (33–49 ft) tall, exceptionally to 27 metres (89 ft) tall, with a broad, rounded crown and smooth gray bark. Cladrastis is a genus of about a half dozen species of pinnate-leaved, deciduous trees in the pea family (Fabaceae), all of them native to Asia except Cladrastis kentukea (American yellowwood), which is native to southeastern North America, and the only widely cultivated species. Domain: Eukaryota Kingdom: Plantae … Yellowwood also has a beautiful framework of branches that provides winter interest, but the tree’s multiple trunk habit makes it prone … This page was last edited on 12 September 2020, at 14:46. This is the only species in the genus to come from North America. It produces clusters of white pea-like flowers in Spring. They come out the bud pale green, downy; when full grown are dark green above, pale beneath. Sun. Cladrastis kentukea : Geographic Information Geographic Division: North America : Jurisdiction/Origin: Continental US, Native : Canada, Introduced : Comments Comment: US ESA: No longer a candidate species because more abundant and widespread than previously believed and not subject to the degree of threats to warrant status according to notice of review, as published in Federal Register Volume 50, … Broadleaf deciduous tree, 30-50 ft (9-15 m), usually low branching with broad, rounded crown of delicate branches. CPN (Certified Plant Nerd)Patrick.Breen@oregonstate.edu, College of Agricultural Sciences - Department of Horticulture, USDA Hardiness Zone Maps of the United States, Oregon Master Gardener Training: Identifying Woody Plants. These trees include hickory, black walnut, oak, yellow poplar, birch, beech, elm, cherry, sweetgum, and sycamore. For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. French: Bois jaune; Local Common Names. Specifications. This tree prefers deep, moist, fertile, well-drained loam or moist sandy soil with a medium acid pH. Cladrastis kentukea, commonly called American yellowwood, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree of the legume family that typically grows 30-50’ tall with upright branching and a broad, rounded crown. For other plants with a similar common name, see, "The Plant List: A Working List of All Plant Species", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Cladrastis_kentukea&oldid=978038782, Trees of the Great Lakes region (North America), Taxonbars with automatically added basionyms, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. All common names: Yellowwood, American yellowwood. In the fall, the leaves turn a mix of yellow, gold, and orange. Accessed: 07-Oct-06. Cours.) Cladrastis (Leguminosae subfamily Faboideae tribe Sophoreae): a historic and taxonomic overview. Native: indigenous. Statistics. Cladrastis kentukea, Kentucky Yellowwood, Gopherwood. Cladrastis kentukea, Kentucky Yellowwood, Gopherwood. Cours.) It is hardy in Zones 4 to 8. Family (English): Pea. Rudd; Preferred Common Name. NameThatPlant.net currently features 3816 plants and 23,855 images. Bark: Smooth gray, or light brown. Velma Rudd (1971, 1972) finally corrected this error and made the new combination Cladrastis kentukea based upon the earliest name for the plant, following the Botanical Rules of Nomenclature, first using the epithet kentuckea (Rudd 1971), and later correcting that to kentukea (Rudd 1972). Cladrastis kentukea is widely grown as an ornamental tree for its attractive flowers, and is locally naturalized in many areas of the eastern United States outside of its restricted native range. yellowwood Fabaceae Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. YELLOWWOOD - CLADRASTIS KENTUKEA. Cooperative Extension, which staffs local offices in all 100 counties and with the Eastern Band of Cherokee Indians. Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. Deutsch: … Flowers small, fragrant, white, in pendulous clusters; pods (legume) turn brown in fall. Although it flowers best in full sun, yellowwood does well growing in slightly shaded areas. Wood: Yellow to pale brown; heavy, hard, close-grained and strong. Rudd symbol: CLKE Leaf: Alternate, pinnately compound, but individual leaflets sub-opposite, 5 to 9 leaflets (usually 7), entire margins, 8 to 12" long, each leaflet obovate to oblong-obovate, green upper surface, paler below. Fruit: Legume, smooth, linear-compressed, tipped with the remnants of the styles. Cladrastis lutea ( syn. ft., 39.12 lbs. Cours.) For many plants, the website displays maps showing physiographic provinces within the Carolinas and Georgia where the plant has been documented. The leaves are compound pinnate, 20–30 cm long, with 5-11 (mostly 7-9) alternately arranged leaflets, each leaflet broad ovate with an acute apex, 6–13 cm long and 3–7 cm broad, with an entire margin and a thinly to densely hairy underside. Its white, fragrant, pea-like flowers hang in 15-inch-long clusters in spring, and, in some years, the tree offers attractive yellow fall foliage. Patrick Breen, Home » Trees » Fabaceae » Cladrastris kentukea » Yellowwood. Showy fragrant white flowers will form in the spring forming drooping clusters or pea-like structures. Corolla: Papilinaceous; standard broad, white, marked on the inner surface with a pale yellow blotch; wings oblong; keel petals free. Well-drained soil. Leaf: odd-pinnate, fresh … State documented: documented to exist in the state, but not documented to a county within the state. Wedge-shaped at base, entire, acute, terminal leaflets rhomboid-ovate. Germany: Amerikanisches Gelbholz; Echtes Gelbholz; Italy: Legno giallo; EPPO code. Common Name: yellowwood Scientific Name: Family: Fabaceae Genus: Cladrastis Species: kentukea Hardiness Zone: 4 to 8 Height: 30 to 50 ft Width: 40 to 55 ft. Common characteristics: Yellowwood is a tree with few known diseases or insect problems and is named for its unique yellow interior wood. It is noted for its pinnately compound foliage, panicles of fragrant white spring flowers, autumn seed pods and yellow fall color. References . On NameThatPlant.net, plants are shown in different seasons (not just in flower), and you can hear Latin names spoken, look up … Bark and branches: grey brown, smooth. May 2012. Family . Showy fragrant white flowers will form in the spring forming … The American Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) may be America’s most inherently valuable native tree for landscaping. Plants from Alabama have the leaves more densely hairy underneath than those from further north, and are distinguished as Cladrastis kentukea f. tomentosa (Steyermark) Spongberg. The other six are found in Asia. Introduction: Yellowwood is thought to be our … It is noted for its pinnately compound foliage, panicles of fragrant white spring flowers, autumn seed pods and yellow fall color. CLQLU (Cladrastis lutea) Taxonomic Tree Top of page. The bole of larger trees can be up to 100cm in diameter [ 352 Cladrastis is from the Greek klados and thraustos which mean “branch” and “fragile” in reference to the brittle wood; kentukea means “of Kentucky.” Common Name. Cladrastis kentukea | Family: Fabaceae . (Jaknouse/Wikimedia Commons/CC BY 3.0) Here are the important botanical markers to look for in the most common alternate ranked tree species in North America. Corvallis: Central Park, west of the playground area. New York 21:327. In Missouri, it typically occurs in … Cladrastis kentukea is a small to medium-sized deciduous tree typically growing 10–15 metres (33–49 ft) tall, exceptionally to 27 metres (89 ft) tall, with a broad, rounded crown and smooth gray bark. The Tree is a deciduous tree, it will be up to 25 m (82 ft) high. Yellowwood is named for the bright yellow heartwood. Submission: Nathan Stephansky ‘17. Date planted. Leaves: Alternate, pinnately compound, eight to twelve inches long, main stem stout, enlarged at base. American Yellowwood has bright green foliage that contrasts nicely with darker leaved trees and turns golden-yellow in autumn. Michx.) The Yellowwood can withstand urban settings and is attractive to birds. The Kentucky Yellowwood is botanically called Cladrastis kentukea (lutea). FEATURES Form-medium to large ornamental/shade, deciduous tree-maturing at 40-50' tall … Tree leaf identification shows that this plant is a American Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) tree. One of the rarest trees of eastern North America. Perfect, papilionaceous, white, borne in drooping terminal panicles twelve to fourteen inches long, five to six inches broad, slightly fragrant. The genus name Cladrastis derives from the Greek "klados" = branch, and "thraustos" = fragile, referring to the brittle nature of the twigs.The Common name "Yellowwood" comes from the yellow color of the wood from this tree.. Cladrastis (Yellowwood) is a genus of small to medium-sized deciduous trees typically growing 10m ↔ 20m (30ft ↔ 60ft) tall.Cladrastis is native to eastern Asia, and one species to … Pistil: Ovary superior, linear, bright red, hairy, bearing a long incurved style. Tree ID: 5. Calyx: Campanulate, five-lobed, enlarged on the upper side. Yellowwood is a native tree with an open graceful spreading crown with three seasons of interest. American yellowwood; Other Scientific Names. Cladrastis kentukea, commonly called American yellowwood, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree of the legume family that typically grows 30-50’ tall with upright branching and a broad, rounded crown. This is a medium-sized deciduous tree with smooth grey bark and a broad, rounded crown. campus: south of the CH2M-Hill Alumni Center. Cladrastis kentukea, commonly called American yellowwood, is a medium-sized, deciduous tree of the legume family that typically grows 30-50’ tall with upright branching and a broad, rounded crown. Hardy to USDA Zone 4    Native from North Carolina to Kentucky and Tennessee. Yellowwood is a medium sized (about 30 to 50 feet tall) tree that is native to North … Seeds for sale starting at € 5.70. More About Cladrastis kentukea (lutea) leaf color is bright green, … Family (Botanic): Fabaceae (formerly Leguminosae) Planting Site: Residential and parks, City parkway, Wide median; Tree or Plant Type: Tree; Foliage: Deciduous (seasonally loses leaves) Native Locale: North America; Landscape Uses: Parkway/street, Patio/sidewalk, Shade tree, Specimen; Size Range: Large … The hanging panicles of flowers in the spring become hanging yellow-brown fruits and leaf color becomes yellow-orange in the fall. The Kentucky champion tree is in Cave Hill Cemetery in Jefferson County and is almost 80 feet tall. Seeds four to six, dark brown. Cladrastis kentukea in the Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN), U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service. A number of cultivars have been selected, including 'Perkin's Pink' (syn. Its native habitat is found in small patches throughout the southeastern United States. As a bloomer and small shade tree, it deserves greater recognition and consideration for its fine qualities. Winter buds: Four in a group, making a tiny cone and enclosed in the hollow base of the petiole. The Alabama Plant Atlas is a source of data for the distribution of plants within the state as well as taxonomic, conservation, invasive, and wetland information for each species. Cladrastis kentukea. Leaflets seven to eleven, broadly oval, three to four inches long. The Society of Municipal Arborists selected the yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea or C. lutea) as its Urban Tree of the Year for 2015. Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. Cladrastis is a genus of about a half dozen species of pinnate-leaved, deciduous trees in the pea family (Fabaceae), all of them native to Asia except Cladrastis kentukea (American yellowwood), which is native to southeastern North America, and the only widely cultivated species. Cladrastis is from Greek in reference to the brittle wood; kentukea is the Latin form meaning of Kentucky. It will tolerate both high pH and acidicsoils. In autumn they turn a bright clear yellow. The fruit is a pod 5–8 cm long, containing 2-6 seeds. Description: This yellowwood tree is found on the hill leading down to Marsh Botanical Gardens. Also covers those considered historical … Lifespan. Trees of this species are expected to live over 60 years. Tom Dorman State Nature Preserve-Wikipedia. Sp. Other common names for yellow wood include American yellow wood, virgilia and gopherwood. 'Rosea', an invalid name) with pink flowers. The name of the forest is derived from the yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea), a tree seldom found this far north in the United States; it flowers here only every three to five years. At the Morton Arboretum, one of the roads opens into a small grove of yellowwoods, and I can vividly remember the way the afternoon sun filters through the … Rudd Show All Show Tabs Kentucky yellowwood Kentucky yellowwood is recommended as one of the best medium-sized trees for cultivation as an ornamental plant in gardens. The tree … Habit: Vase-shaped branching with an oval to rounded or even broad … Home » Tree Names Index » Genus: Cladrastis » Species: kentukea Picture of a Yellowwood Tree (Cladrastis kentukea) Picture of a American Yellowwood Tree, (Cladrastis kentukea) Species. Cladrastis kentukea, the Kentucky yellowwood or American yellowwood (syn. Photo by, Chhe [Public domain], via Wikimedia Commons Yellowwood State Forest-Wikipedia * Cladrastis kentukea (Yellow-wood) - introduced List of trees of Canada-Wikipedia. Genus and species: Cladrastris kentukea. Cladrastis kentukea (Dum. Ornamental Characteristics Size: Tree > 30 feet Height: 30' - 50' Leaves: Deciduous Shape: round Ornamental Other: Environmental Characteristics Light: Full sun Hardy To Zone: 4b Soil Ph: Can tolerate acid to alkaline soil (pH 5.0 to 8.0) Environmental Other: showy, fragrant … The tree forms a characteristic trunk when older. Feather-veined, midrib and primary veins prominent, grooved above, light yellow beneath. Species: Cladrastis kentukea (kla-dras'tis ken-tuk'ee-ah) Yellowwood Cultivar Information * See specific cultivar notes on next page. Cladrastis kentukea, the Kentucky yellowwood or American yellowwood (syn. Petiole swollen at base and enclosing the bud. Andrews, S. Trees of the Year: Cladrastis and Maakia. Cladrastis kentukea. It is also listed as Cladrastis lutea, a synonym. C. lutea, C. tinctoria), is a species of Cladrastis native to the Southeastern United States, with a restricted range from western North Carolina west to eastern Oklahoma, and from southern Missouri and Indiana south to central Alabama. The Plant List includes a further 4 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Cladrastis.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Cladrastis kentukea, also known as yellowwood or American yellowwood is a medium sized (30-50 feet) deciduous tree native to North America. The website also provides access to a database and images of plants photos and herbarium specimens found at … Identification; Bark; Take the Walk; About; Help; You are here. The flowers are fragrant, white, produced in Wisteria-like racemes 15–30 cm long. Origin of the species name. Yellowwood Basic Information. It is noted for its pinnately compound foliage, panicles of fragrant white spring flowers, autumn seed pods and yellow fall color. The rare Yellowwood tree is also found in this preserve. Yellowwood (Cladrastis kentukea) is a rare, medium sized tree (15-20m) native to the southern Appalachians, Arkansas, and Missouri. Cladrastis kentukea has a big, fleshy root system and thrives best in a sunny, warm location but its hardiness is good. The genus name Cladrastis derives from the Greek "klados" = branch, and "thraustos" = fragile, referring to the brittle nature of the twigs.The Common name "Yellowwood" comes from the yellow color of the wood from this tree.. Cladrastis (Yellowwood) is a genus of small to medium-sized deciduous trees typically growing 10m ↔ 20m (30ft ↔ 60ft) tall. The Plant List includes 28 scientific plant names of species rank for the genus Cladrastis.Of these 8 are accepted species names. The tree likes Sun at the location and the soil should be nutritious soil, tolerates dryness. Flowering is in early summer (June in its native region), and is variable from year to year, with heavy flowering every second or third year. The largest specimen known is at Spring Grove Cemetery in Cincinnati, Ohio, 22 m tall and 2.2 m trunk diameter; the tallest known is a slender tree 27 m tall but only 0.55 m trunk diameter, at Plott Cove Research Natural Area, Georgia (Spongberg & Ma 1997; Eastern Native Trees Society). Genus: Cladrastis Species: kentukea Hardiness Zone: 4 to 8 Height: 30 to 50 ft Width: 40 to 55 ft. Common characteristics: Yellowwood is a tree with few known diseases or insect problems and is named for its unique yellow interior wood. gr., 0.6278; weight of cu. The native range is stretched from Kentucky through North Carolina, but is also found along the bordering states. 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