In its prime, Haleakala may have reached a height of 12,000 feet before water and wind erosion, and possibly glaciers, began to carve two large river valleys out of the rim. Haleakalā is also the name of a peak on the southwestern edge of Kaupō Gap. Haleakala is Maui’s highest peak; Stands at 10,023 feet above sea level, and 29,723 feet from the ocean floor; The Haleakala National Park ranges more than 30,000 acres of land; Haleakala is home to endangered species like the Nene goose (Hawaii State Bird) and the Silversword; Haleakala National Park Website Explore on … Browse our largest collection of experiences. [13] Once traveling to this part of the island became more frequent, native species were destroyed. Local animals, including cattle, are often encountered in the roadway. Haleakala National Park has the largest concentration of endangered species of any National Park. Rising 10,023 (3,005 m) feet above sea level, Haleakala means "house of the sun" and is where demigod Maui lassoed the sun, slowing its passage so people had more time to dry kapa (cloth) and grow food. Some of the telescopes operated by the US Department of Defense are involved in researching man-made (e.g. It is 6.99 miles (11.25 km) across, 2.0 mi (3.2 km) wide, and 2,600 ft (790 m) deep. It lies above the tropical inversion layer and so experiences excellent viewing conditions and very clear skies. According to a local legend, the demigod Maui imprisoned the sun here in order to lengthen the day. summit and cascades down to the Kīpahulu District’s black volcanic sands. Climate Change has been threatening the population of this plant due to its hot weather. Hawaii is home to 2 U.S. national parks:. However, the frequency of eruption of a volcano is only one of the criteria on which hazards are based. All sunrise entries between 3am and 7am require reservations made in … DRESS WARM: The elevation at the summit is 10,023 feet so YES it gets pretty cold so plan accordingly. [8] The park includes the summit depression, Kipahulu Valley on the southeast, and ʻOheʻo Gulch (and pools), extending to the shoreline in the Kipahulu area. If you’re venturing to the mountain top, take a look inside the Summit building which holds a number of interpretive displays and a great 3D representation. The park is known for its volcanic features, its long scenic drive with numerous overlooks, and the unusually clear views of the night sky available. [3] The land was designated a national park in 1976 and its boundaries expanded in 2005. The surrounding walls are steep and the interior mostly barren-looking with a scattering of volcanic cones. This section of the park features more than two dozen pools along Palikea Stream in the gulch called ʻOheʻo. At first glance, it’s hard to believe that plants would grow on its barren terrain, but Haleakal ā National Park is home to some of the island’s most beautiful, and rare, plants. This plant is the quintessential plant of Haleakalā since it only grows there and nowhere else on Earth. Haleakala National Park is a United States National Park on Maui in Hawaii of United States of America.. Arrive for sunset and stay to look through a telescope after dark. Hikers in the crater can stay in one of three cabins. It is separated from the summit area of the park by the upper portion of the valley. In 1916, Hawai’i National Park was established by Congress, with Haleakalā included as a section of the National Park. It is located at 9,700’ elevation, overlooking the western rim the valley. Haleakala National Park, Hawaii Known as the House of Sun, Haleakala National Park is the highest peak on the island of Maui. Nevertheless, new telescopes are added, such as the Pan-STARRS in 2006. There is lodging in the form of a few simple cabins, though no food or gas is available in the park.[9]. Haleakala National Park Haleakala National Park on the Hawaiian island of Maui is home to a dormant volcano that provides magnificent views of the sunrise and sunset. Park is closed to public from 1941 to 1943. Spanning a huge swath of land across Maui’s southeastern region, Haleakala is home to the highest peak on Maui, at 10,023 feet. [13] The road is open to the public (although parts of it are restricted) and is a well-maintained two-lane highway containing many blind turns and very steep dropoffs. [11][12], A well traveled Haleakalā Highway, completed in 1935, is a road mainly composed of switchbacks that leads to the peak of Haleakala. The summit area includes Haleakalā Crater, the summit of the volcano, and the area surrounding the summit. These two rift zones together form an arc that extends from La Perouse Bay on the southwest, through the Haleakalā Crater, and to Hāna to the east. For over 40 years, the University of Hawaii Institute for Astronomy has managed this site, conducting dedicated astrophysical experiments. A road to the summit was built in the 1930s, shortly followed by the Haleakalā Visitor Cent… Walking & Biking Tours. Hualalai has an eruption rate comparable to Haleakala. A popular 11-mile (17.8 km) full-day hike begins at Keonehe‘ehe‘e Trailhead, crosses the valley floor, and ends at Halemau'u (7,990 ft/2,436 m elevation). Haleakalā Crater provides epic, sweeping views of the island from an elevation of just over 10,000 feet. Aerial of sunrise in Haleakala National Park in Maui, Hawaii. The bird was once on all the islands of Hawaii but now it is only on the Island of Hawaii. At just over 10,000 ft elevation Haleakala (which in Hawaiian means “House of the Sun”) National Park is one of the top 5 things to do in Maui. Hike across the crater to Halemau'u Trail. NATIONAL PARK PASS: Haleakula is a U.S. National Park so it does cost $25 per vehicle to enter. These pools contain rare native freshwater fish. From the summit, there are two main trails leading into Haleakalā: Sliding Sands Trail and Halemauʻu Trail. Early Hawaiians applied the name Haleakalā ("house of the sun") to the general mountain. Because of the remarkable clarity, dryness, and stillness of the air, and its elevation (with atmospheric pressure of 71 kilopascals (530 mmHg)[10]), as well as the absence of the lights of major cities, the summit of Haleakalā is one of the most sought-after locations in the world for ground-based telescopes (though to a lesser extent than Mauna Kea on neighboring Hawaii). These valleys formed the two large gaps — Koʻolau on the north side and Kaupō on the south — on either side of the depression. Other areas of Haleakala are rated comparable to the lava-flow hazards of Mauna Kea and Kohala (Hazard Zones 7 through 9). The trailhead is in the Haleakalā Visitor Center parking lot near the road. The lowest elevation found in Haleakala is 0 feet at the Pacific Ocean; The highest elevation found in Haleakala is 10,023 feet at Haleakala Summit; The entrance fee for Haleakala is $25 per vehicle per 3 days; Haleakala National Park lies in the Hawaii time zone; Random Facts About Haleakala. Hawaiʻi Volcanoes National Park was made into a separate national park in 1961. The interior of the crater is dotted by numerous volcanic features, including large cinder cones. Rising 10,023 feet (3,055 meters) above sea level, Haleakala is the world’s largest dormant volcano, the centerpiece of Maui’s Haleakala National Park. The tallest peak of Haleakalā ("house of the sun"), at 10,023 feet (3,055 m), is Puʻu ʻUlaʻula (Red Hill). Lava Flow Hazard map of Haleakala. This is aggravated by the fact that trails lead downhill from parking areas into the crater. Using the preliminary dates for Haleakala flows, only 8.7 square miles (23 km2) of lava flows have been emplaced in the last 900 years. Scientists believe that Haleakalā's crater was formed when the headwalls of two large erosional valleys merged at the summit of the volcano. [15], The park is home to many tardigrade species surviving in the extreme environment near the mountain summit. There is a visitor center, with parking and restrooms, near the summit. The program is in collaboration with defense contractors in the Maui Research and Technology Park in Kihei. With its moon-like surface and high elevation, Haleakal ā National Park is one of the region’s most unique habitats. The western 25% of the island is formed by another volcano, Mauna Kahalawai, also referred to as the West Maui Mountains. According to the legend, Māui's grandmother helped him capture the sun and force it to slow its journey across the sky in order to lengthen the day. highway climbs to 10,000’ from sea level, attaining this height in a shorter distance than any other road in the world. This part of the park is accessed by Hawaii State Road 378. At the summit itself is another parking lot and a simple observatory without facilities. Visit Haleakalā National Park to experience the beauty and natural splendor of Haleakalā, the gem of Maui. [14], There are three Sunset and Stargazing tours permitted within Haleakala National Park. OverviewLocated on the island of Maui, Haleakala National Park maintains three wilderness cabins for normal visitor use, Holua (elevation 6,940ft 2,115m), Kapalaoa (elevation 7,250ft 2,210m), and Paliku (elevation 6,380ft 1,945m) in the Wilderness Area of the park. Despite this, Haleakalā is popular with tourists and locals alike, who often venture to its summit, or to the visitor center just below the summit, to view the sunrise. [10], Grazing and rooting feral goats and pigs have been destroying the native vegetation. Get Haleakala information, facts, photos, and more in this Haleakala National Park guide from National Geographic. There two sections of the park - One at the summit and the other one on Kipahulu at the southeast coast. Public transportation does not go through the park, but there are four vehicle based tour companies (Polynesian Adventure Tours, Skyline Eco Adventures, Haleakala EcoTours, and Valley Isle Excursions) that operate tours of the park and trips to the summit. More than 80% of 30,183 acres in Haleakala National Park is designated as wilderness. [7] The Hawaiian National Park Language Correction Act of 2000 was proposed to observe the Hawaiian spelling, but it did not become law.[8]. [5] The park area was designated an International Biosphere Reserve in 1980. [4], Haleakalā was originally part of Hawaii National Park along with the volcanoes of Mauna Loa and Kilauea on the island of Hawaiʻi, created in 1916. [4] These last flows from the southwest rift zone of Haleakalā make up the large lava deposits of the Ahihi Kina`u/La Perouse Bay area of South Maui. In Hawaiian legend, this is where the demigod Maui lassoed the sun, releasing it only when it promised to move more slowly across the sky. Eventually, these valleys formed gaps that merged at the volcano summit to create a crater-like basin. A Haleakala sunrise reservation doesn’t cost more than $1 per vehicle, but is meant to control the number of vehicles and people in the summit area from 3 a.m. to 7 a.m. Native plants and trees are also present in the forest but are not common due to the little light available (because of the taller alien trees). As a result of the geographic importance of this observational platform, experts come from all over the world to take part in research at "Science City", an astrophysical complex operated by the U.S. Department of Defense, University of Hawaii, Smithsonian Institution, Air Force, Federal Aviation Administration, and others. Haleakala, originally part of Hawaii Volcanoes National Park, was re-designated as a separate entity in 01 July 1961. … Surrounding and including the crater is Haleakalā National Park, a 30,183-acre (122.15 km ) park, of which 24,719 acres (100.03 km ) are wilderness. Haleakala National Park, Maui’s only national park, is astounding. The park features the dormant Haleakalā (East Maui) Volcano, which last erupted sometime between 1480 and 1600 AD. Haleakalā is one of the best places in the United States for amateur astronomy, and binoculars and telescopes are available for rent from many local merchants. One example is the ʻāhinahina (Haleakalā silversword, Argyroxiphium sandwicense macrocephalum), which formerly covered Haleakalā Mountain to a degree where the mountain looked as if it were covered with snow. Until recently, East Maui Volcano was thought to have last erupted around 1790, based largely on comparisons of maps made during the voyages of La Perouse and George Vancouver. Horseback riders can experience the Hawaiian culture as they travel across a tropical, volcanic landscape that's surrounded by lush forests, waterfalls and streams that stretch out … USGS Volcano Warning Scheme for the United States, List of mountain peaks of the United States, "Youngest lava flows on East Maui probably older than A.D. 1790", "How do Maui lava-flow hazard zone numbers compare to those on Hawaii island? Encompassing over 30,000 acres of public land, the park offers hiking trails, pre-arranged horseback riding tours and more endangered species than any other National Park. 1930s – NPS and CCC build roads, cabins, trails and other visitor facilities in Haleakala area. Haleakalā National Park is an American national park located on the island of Maui in the state of Hawaii. The park is open year-round, 24 hours a day, except for severe weather closures. The summit area includes Haleakalā Crater, the summit of the volcano, and the area surrounding the summit. Recommended. Recent advanced dating tests, however, have shown that the last eruption was more likely to have been in the 17th century. It is open from 7:30am to 3:30pm. Named after Haleakalā, a dormant volcano within its boundaries, the park covers an area of 33,265 acres (52.0 sq mi; 134.6 km2),[1] of which 24,719 acres (38.6 sq mi; 100.0 km2) is a wilderness area. These birds were then kept in captivity to increase the population. Haleakala National Park Alerts & Conditions (as of July 1st, 2020) Sunrise to open up in phases: Following guidance from the CDC and recommendations from state and local public health in consultation with NPS Public Health Service officers, Haleakalā National Park’s Summit District will be open from 9:00am- 5:00pm. [2] A Normal status is used to designate typical volcanic activity in a non-eruptive phase. 1941 to 1946 – U.S. Army occupies Haleakala. [17], Entrance of the Mount Haleakala National Park, Maui, Hawaii, Pa Kaoao White Hill Trail Mount Haleakala, Maui, Hawaii, List of national parks of the United States, "Listing of acreage as of December 31, 2011", "National Park Service: Historic Listings of NPS Officials", "Biosphere Reserve Information: United States of America: Hawaiian Islands", "Legends of Maui: A Demi-God of Polynesia and His Mother Hina", "Hawaiian National Park Language Correction Act of 2000 (2000 - S. 939)", "Youngest lava flows on East Maui probably older than A.D. 1790", "Maui's Boy Scouts mark 40-year link to nene", "Environmental Factors - Haleakalā National Park (U.S. National Park Service)", "Haleakala Silverswords - Haleakalā National Park (U.S. National Park Service)", Haleakala National Park Roads, Pukalani, Maui County, HI, Russian Fort Elizabeth State Historical Park, Hawai'i Department of Land and Natural Resources, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Haleakalā_National_Park&oldid=994907573, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 18 December 2020, at 04:32. In Hawaiian folklore, the depression (crater) at the summit of Haleakalā was home to the grandmother of the demigod Māui. 2,433 Reviews #1 of 23 things to do in Maui. An extremely winding but well maintained road leads up the mountain. The astronomers on Haleakalā are concerned about increasing light pollution as Maui's population grows. One of its missions, the Maui Space Surveillance System (MSSS), tracks satellites and debris orbiting the Earth. Tour operators used to run bike rides down the entire 27 miles from the summit, but in 2007 the National Park Service suspended all commercial bicycle activity within the park boundaries, following multiple fatal accidents. Haleakalā's summit experiences a cold-summer Mediterranean climate (Köppen classification Csc), one of the few locations in the world with this climate type. These high Hazard estimates for Haleakala are rated as Hazard Zone 1 hunt these birds were then in. 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