5. Manual Tester and Automation Tester. Q #10) Provide an example of a Scenario Outline using the Cucumber framework. It lets us define application behavior in plain meaningful English text using a simple grammar defined by a language called Gherkin. Behaviour-driven development is a highly collaborative process. Answer: Scenario outline is a way of parameterization of scenarios. This is ideally used when the same scenario needs to be executed for multiple sets of data, however, the test steps remain the same. 4. Cucumber-JVM is based on Cucumber framework… What is the difference between BDD and TDD? Cucumber is a tool that supports Executable specifications, Test automation, and Living documentation. Q #26) Provide an example of the TestRunner class in Cucumber. In this post, we will see Cucumber BDD(Behaviour Driven Development) Interview Questions with Answers. Answer: A feature file must provide a high-level description of an … 103+ Behavior Driven Development (BDD) interview questions and answers for freshers and experienced. A feature file is ideally written in a notepad file and is saved with the extension feature. What language is used by Cucumber? Recommended Reading: Automation testing with Cucumber and Selenium. Scenario: Login to the application. BDD. Ans: Examples keyword is used to specify values for each parameter used in the scenario. BDD framework i.e. If we are developing a user authentication feature, then the following can be few key test scenarios, which needs to get passed in order to call it a success. Q #25) What is the meaning of the TestRunner class in Cucumber? 1 Answer: Glue property is used to let the Cucumber framework identify the location of step definition files. Q #17) Provide an example of a step definition file in Cucumber. Cucumber Interview Question. Easy to integrate with other tools such as. Please enter your username or email address. Answer: Cucumber is a tool that is based on Behavior Driven Development (BDD) methodology. © Copyright SoftwareTestingHelp 2020 — Read our Copyright Policy | Privacy Policy | Terms | Cookie Policy | Affiliate Disclaimer | Link to Us, Cucumber can be integrated with the Selenium Webdriver, Automation testing with Cucumber and Selenium, Spock Interview Questions with Answers (Most Popular), Top 30+ Popular CSS Interview Questions and Answers, ETL Testing Interview Questions and Answers, 20 Most Popular TestNG Interview Questions and Answers, Top 30 SAS Interview Questions and Answers, Top 30 Security Testing Interview Questions and Answers, 30+ Top Scrum Interview Questions and Answers. Although Cucumber and Jbehave are meant for the same purpose, acceptance tests are completely different frameworks. Keyword Driven Framework:-When only the instructions and operations are written in a different file like an Excel worksheet, it is called Keyword Driven framework. The BDD tests are non-programming and easier to write. Step definition maps the test case steps in the feature files(introduced by Given/When/Then) to code which executes and checks the outcomes from the system under test. Answer: Given below are the advantages of the Cucumber Gherkin framework that make Cucumber an ideal choice for rapidly evolving Agile methodology in today’s corporate world. It is used to execute scenarios multiple times using a different set of test data. Q #11) What is the purpose of the Behaviour Driven Development (BDD) methodology in the real world? Give an example of a behavior is driven test in plain text? Answer: Background keyword is used to group multiple given statements into a single group. You will receive a link to create a new password via email. 3. When the user clicks on the Login button. Answer: Cucumber Natural Plugin is the plugin that is used to integrate Eclipse with Cucumber. We wish you all success in your interview! Scenario Outline must be followed by the keyword ‘Examples’, which specify the set of values for each parameter. Answer: Following is an example of a feature file for the scenario ‘Login into the application’: Feature: Login to the application under test. Talking in examples requires not only more than one person to have that conversation, but requires different perspectives and experiences in order to be efficient. Plain Text representation makes it easier for non-technical users to understand the scenarios. The number of parameter values to be included in the feature file is based on the tester’s choice. Cucumber-JVM is based on Cucumber framework, widely used in Ruby on Rails world as well as in Java and .Net. Q #16) What is the file extension for a feature file? Each step of the feature file is mapped to a corresponding method on the step definition file. The next question provides a sample representation of how the TestRunner class will look like. Q #4) What are the various keywords that are used in Cucumber for writing a scenario? Behaviour-driven development, or BDD, is another agile software development process that encourages collaboration in a software project between developers, QA, project managers and the business team. Answer: A feature file must provide a high-level description of an Application Under Test (AUT). Answer: Cucumber tool is generally used in real-time to write acceptance tests for an application. A feature file in Cucumber is a starting point of the Cucumber tests execution. Answer: Mentioned below are the keywords that are used for writing a scenario: Q #5) What is the purpose of a Scenario Outline in Cucumber? But it is generally advisable to limit the number of scenarios included in the feature file. Q #7) What is the purpose of the Step Definition file in Cucumber? Answer: No code should be written under the TestRunner class. If we follow the incorrect example: Given the value entered in the Number text box is not numerical When the Form is submitted Then an error message “Please enter a numerical value” appear Given the User is logged in ← Condition And the value in the Number text box changes ← Trigger When the value in it is not numerical ← Condition? And User enters the password into the Password field. Generally we have feature files containing scenarios in BDD for which we write step definitions. A visual representation (on paper or board) would help a lot to both, you & the interviewer. Behavior Driven Development expands on Specification by Example. Gherkin language uses several keywords to describe the behavior of applications such as Feature, Scenario, Scenario Outline, Given, When, Then, etc. BDD lets us develop, test and think about the code from the view of the business owner. Chapter 1 : End 2 End Selenium Test The first step in the journey of Selenium Cucumber Framework is to decide one End 2 End Scenario to automate and start building up framework components on top of that.In this article, we’ll show you how to get the various parts and pieces, plus write and run one End 2 End test of our Demo Application. Lost your password? Property Files: Details such as browser type URL could be placed in property files and also specify … A feature file in Cucumber is a starting point of the Cucumber … Examples of Interview Questions and Answers Using STAR . Step definitions file has the actual code implementation of the Scenario or Scenario Outline step. Behavior-driven development (BDD) is a software development methodology in which an application is specified and designed by describing how its behavior should appear to an outside observer. BDD/ATDD is becoming widely accepted practice in agile software development, and Cucumber-JVM is a mainstream tool used to implement this practice in Java. 2. Cucumber tool is based on the Behavior Driven Development framework that acts as the bridge between the following people: Software Engineer and Business Analyst. BDD is becoming widely accepted practice in agile software development, and Cucumber-JVM is a mainstream tool used to implement this practice in Java. A feature file can have a single or multiple scenarios but normally it contains a group of scenarios. For example: If you want to execute the same steps for every scenario like login to the website, you just write those common steps under the background keyword. Example Question 1: Tell me about a time you had to complete a task within a tight deadline. BDD lets you define specifications and accept tests in manageable units It encourages the production of working features as soon as possible It gives you the ability to target test runs on specific functional areas Q #28) Should any code be written within the TestRunner class? In a test automation project, we do perform different tasks by using different types of files. Users can specify and run text-based user stories, which allows “out-in” development. With this approach, the non-technical team members find it easy to understand the flow and collaborate more in the process of software development. When the user enters the username onto the UserName field. a feature where a single file contains a single feature. Q #9) Provide an example of a feature file using the Cucumber framework. Trigger?​ ​Then an error message “Please enter a numerical value” appears This further blurs the lines of precondition and trigger, which actually voids the purpose of a clearly defi… Cucumber Automation Framework . And user clicks on the enter button. Our main focus is on Selenium Integration with cucumber-bdd and to cover all popular questions which can be asked during an Interview. Q #6) What programming language is used by Cucumber? Scenario: Copying and pasting scenarios to use different values can quickly become tedious and repetitive: Scenario Outlines:  allow us to more concisely express these examples through the use of a template with placeholders. Obviously you can integrate a BDD framework like Cucumber with Rest Assured and achieve BDD pattern which we discussed above. A test harness for Cucumber and RSpec allows for separating responsibility between setting up the context and interacting with the browser and cleaning up the step definition files. 1. Answer: The following is an example of a Scenario Outline keyword for the scenario ‘Upload a file’. 1- You can use Selenium for the functional, regression, and … Q #21) Provide an example of Background keyword in Cucumber. Answer: A feature file can contain a maximum of 10 scenarios, but the number can vary from project to project and from one organization to another. A cucumber is a tool based on Behavior Driven Development (BDD) framework which is used to write acceptance tests for the web application. Describe the situation, and explain how you handled it. Q #12) What is the limit for the maximum number of scenarios that can be included in the feature file? Scenario outline is a way of parameterization of scenarios. It enables developers, QA, project managers to understand the application without diving deep into the technical aspects. Q #27) What is the starting point of execution for feature files? Answer: BDD is a methodology to understand the functionality of an application in the simple plain text representation. 3. A Scenario Outline is run once for each row in the Examples section beneath it (except for the first header row). To work in BDD, prior experience of TDD is required. This is generally used when the same set of given statements are repeated in each scenario of the feature file. It is generally used by non-technical people such as Business Analysts, Functional Testers, etc. Hybrid Testing Framework; Behavior Driven Development Framework; Detailed Post on Types of Automation Frameworks. It should include the tags @RunWith and @CucumberOptions. The tests in BDD are written in a human-readable format and understandable which are easier to implement. Simple terms for your easy understanding statements are repeated in each scenario of the Behaviour Driven Development in methodology! During an interview in simple terms for your Cucumber test of Behaviour Development! 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