In the English language, some verbs can be followed by either a gerund or an infinitive with little or no change in meaning. www.english-practice.at B1 Gerund and Infinitive GI008 Fill in the correct form: Gerund or Infinitive (with or without "TO") 1. Grammar resources for esl. infinitive กับ Gerund. It started raining.or It started to rain. 1. The door must be locked at all times. = I'm afraid of go ing by bike on this road. He is going to be interviewed tomorrow. He had a unique way of whistling.. The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun.. I prefer staying in and watching a DVD. Basic exercise 2 of 30. remember/forget + gerund means the gerund action happens first. (noun; direct object of the verb like) . (inviting / to invite), In the old days, gentlemen challenged their rivals _______. English learners have difficulty with gerunds and infinitives. Don’t bother waiting for me. Some verbs and verb phrases are directly followed a gerund: Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or infinitive but with a change in meaning: An infinitive is a verb form that acts as other parts of speech in a sentence. To help people needs much patience. Wait for him. infinitive กับ Gerund. The verbs like and hate express (dis)liking if they are followed by a gerund:. If you are not sure whether to use the infinitive or gerund, check out our lists or look the words up in a dictionary. In a nutshell, a word formed from a verb acting as a noun and ending in ing is a gerund. Understanding how these words function is a crucial step in developing your English skills. Gerund: The verbal breaking serves as a noun.It is also the object of the preposition of. Infinitive… The following lists of verbs followed by other verbs will help you practice using gerunds and infinitives within simple sentences. She had a suggestion to offer. (I … Preposition = of Gerund = lying Ex. (noun; direct object of the verb like) . Common verbs followed by a gerund: Example: He misses playing with his friends. Both gerunds and infinitives are action words (i.e., verbs) in meaning, but they act like nouns in the sentence. The major difference between gerund and infinitive is that a gerund can be used as an object to a preposition but an infinitive cannot. Infinitive is a verbal that can function as an adjective, as a noun, or even as an adverb. These include start, begin, continue and bother.. See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here. I like getting up early in summer. A gerund or infinitive is never the main verb (e.g., I hiking and I to study are incorrect). There are certain words in English that are usually followed by an infinitive or gerund. Gerunds and Infinitives Exercises . The infinitive is the basic form of the verb. After certain verbs (with to) Example: He refused to pay the bill. I hate dancing, so don't ask me to. An infinitive is the verb form that has “to” at the beginning. or Don’t bother to wait for me. Gerund: In this sentence, the words singing and laughing function as nouns, making them gerunds. We use 'to' + infinitive: After certain verbs - We decided to leave. (In those days if you were a student, it meant that you spent long hours in the library.) Some verbs, such as BEGIN and START, take both forms, with no change in meaning. To listen the questions carefully is my weakness. Click here to download this exercise in PDF with answers. Test your knowledge of whether a verb is followed by a gerund or an infinitive.  The passive perfect infinitive form  is used to talk about the The corporation may have been sold last week. (concentrating / to concentrate), Please allow me ____________ your Facebook page. (picking up /to pick up). It is formed with to + base form of the verb. The gerund form must be used when a verb comes after a preposition. He liked skiing.. Levels of Difficulty: Elementary Intermediate Advanced I prefer going out … Exercises and Tests on Infinitive and Gerund. I like to ski. Infinitive หมายถึง กริยาที่มี to นำหน้ากริยาบางคำ และกริยาที่ไม่มี to นำหน้าเมื่อตามหลังกริยาบางคำ แบ่งเป็น. Here are some tips to remember. Gerunds and infinitives are sometimes referred to as verb complements. 1. What Is a Gerund? Watching movies makes me happy. In those days, being a student meant spending long hours in the library. I like hiking. I'm afraid of hav ing an accident. When you are sure you understand it, write your own sentences to practise. Infinitive = to go. After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee, After 'let', 'make' and (sometimes) 'help' - The teacher let us, After some verbs of perception (see, watch, hear, notice, feel, sense) - I watched her. An infinitive is the base form a a verb, with or without "to." • afford • agree • appear • arrange • beg • choose • decide • expect • fail • help (also without to) • hesitate • … Infinitive phrases – normally referred to as infinitives – … (fighting / to fight), As the famous saying goes, there’s no use ______ over spilt milk. You need to learn which one is correct, and then always use that form. Test your knowledge of whether a verb is followed by a gerund or an infinitive. She is afraid of flying. Verbs with infinitives and gerunds. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here). It is normally referred to as a verbal noun which makes the sentence complete by adding a verb ending with ‘-ing’. Get more Perfect English Grammar with our courses. A verbal is a word derived from a verb that functions in a sentence as a noun or modifier rather than as a verb. Game C: Gerund and infinitive sentence completion things in common Try to find sentences below that you can both/ all complete in the same way. (to) be, (to) have, (to) do. Uninstall instructions, End-User License Agreement & Privacy Policy, Add ing to most verbs. (See all the gerund and infinitive exercises here), Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 1, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 2, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 3, Verbs with gerunds and infinitives part 4. (I don't like dancing.) They may function as subjects or objects in a sentence. • Gerund is a verbal that is made by adding ing to a verb and serves as a noun. Gerund, Infinitive, English Grammar - Materials for Teaching and Learning English Online Exercises on the use of the gerund as well as the infinitive with and without "TO". As the subject or object of a sentence - Swimming is good exercise. Infinitive and Gerund Infinitive After an adjective Example: The new computer is really easy to use. One of the difficulties of the English language is that some verbs are followed by the gerund (ex : doing ) and others are followed by the infinitive (ex : to do) Below you … need. Gerunds are mostly used when actions are real, fixed, or completed. Both gerunds and infinitives can be used as the subject of a sentence. Tips to use verbs with infinitive and gerund. This job cannot be done. Infinitive: You can tell that to dance is an infinitive because "to" precedes the word "dance." Let’s see what are some of the examples of gerunds. Please contact me if you have any questions or comments. 1. After she had decided _____ in India, she got used Indian food Learn when to use the gerund and when to use the infinitive in English grammar with Lingolia’s online lesson. Many of these verbs are listed below. In other cases there is no difference in meaning whether we use Gerund or Infinitive. Use the Gerund when you worry about sth. An infinitive is the basic or root form of a verb, typically preceded with "to." These are natural: I'd prefer to stay in and watch a DVD. He wants to swim. Some verbs require the infinitive after them; others require a gerund. (crying / to cry), Jim stopped _________ his shoelace. REMEMBER/FORGET + INFINITIVE means THE INFINTIVE ACTION HAPPENS SECOND . Infinitive or gerund exercises. 2. Types of exercise: Multiple Choice , Fill in the word , Select from Drop Down .. Levels of exercise: Elementary Intermediate Advanced Gerund and Infinitive Exercises: He had a unique way of whistling.. Gerunds เท่านั้นที่ใช้ตามหลังคำบุพบท (Prepositions) ยกเว้น but หรือ except Ex. (He remembered the act of send the fax) The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to.Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb. He liked skiing.. She had a suggestion to offer. 23 - 26 Infintive and gerund Pages 23 - 26 (23) Pictures - complete captions with correct form - focus on try, remember, regret, stop etc (24) Gap fill and matching focusing on try, remember, regret, stop etc (25) Matching focusing on try, remember, regret, stop etc (26) Organize verbs into 2 lists: those + gerund, those + infinitive + gap fill I didn't mean to hurt your feelings. I need to study. S L + 1. Infinitives are mostly used when actions are unreal, abstract, or future. Ex: to buy, to work. The infinitive is the base form of a verb with to.Usually it functions as a noun, although it can also function as an adjective or adverb. Gerund - Infinitive . Get Exercises and Tests on Infinitive and Gerund. TRY belongs to the group of verbs that can be followed by the gerund or an infinitive, but the meaning changes. (complaining/ to complain), Eva is having trouble _________ on the exam. Lihat contoh berikut: Reading books is my hobby. Infinitive or gerund: worksheets, printable exercises pdf, handouts to print. The infinitive form of "learn" is "to learn." (British English or American English) I love to read long novels. (noun; subject of the verb is) . Online Exercises on the use of the gerund as well as the infinitive with and without "TO". I'm afraid to go by bike on this road. We use the bare infinitive (the infinitive without 'to'): Verbs that take the gerund or 'to + infinitive' with examples and exercises: Need more practice? Page and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. Gerunds are generally formed with the letters ending with “-ing”. I like to ski. For example: • … What Is an Infinitive? Some people prefer to get up early in the morning; Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or infinitive but with a change in meaning: He remembered sending the fax. And can we use gerund and infinitive in one sentence in sequence? (gerund – verb + ing) I want to see a movie. Gerund vs Infinitive • Both gerunds and infinitives are verbals that are formed using verbs but differ in the manner in which they are used to indicate the reason or purpose. (noun; subject of the verb is) . As the object of a sentence, gerunds and infinitives are usually not interchangeable. a subject at the beginning of a sentence: Some verbs are directly followed by an infinitive: Some verbs are directly followed by a noun or pronoun and then by an infinitive: Some verbs can be followed by an infinitive or a gerund without causing a change in meaning: Some verbs can be followed by an infinitive or a gerund but with a change in meaning: Choose the correct gerund or infinitive from the parenthesis at the end of the sentence. After prepositions - I drank a cup of coffee before leaving. Infinitive หมายถึง กริยาที่มี to นำหน้ากริยาบางคำ และกริยาที่ไม่มี to นำหน้าเมื่อตามหลังกริยาบางคำ แบ่งเป็น. Example Words for Gerund & Infinitive. (baking / to bake), Don’t waste my time ___________ about your salary. However, particular verbs are followed by one or the other because there is a difference in meaning. But if these verbs are followed by a to-infinitive, they express habitual preference, something that we do not necessarily like or enjoy but consider as useful, right or wise: I enjoy cooking. We can use the infinitive with or without to e.g. Basic exercise 1 of 30. There are certain words in English that are usually followed by an infinitive or gerund. Sebagai subject (subjek) Dalam suatu kalimat, Gerund dan Infinitive bisa berfungsi sebagai subjek. Definition Of Infinitive: Basically, infinitives are words that are formed with a … Even when the gerund or infinitive is the object of a sentence, it is common for a second object follow the gerund or infinitive because of their “verb” meaning. I don't want to be disturbed. You should tell the truth instead of lying all the time. (riding/ to ride), Mr. Harris enjoys _________ people out to dinner. An infinitive is to + the base verb (the verb with no ending). If you are not sure whether to use the infinitive or gerund, check out our lists or look the words up in a dictionary. Gerund/Ving dan to infinitive/to V1 selalu bersifat tunggal. Skiing is fun. This lesson will show you how to use gerunds and infinitives in English! .Free exercises to learn English online Gerund - Infinitive . Ex: die > dy, 1. The verbs like, love and hate can be followed by -ing or the infinitive when talking about repeated actions.. (tying / to tie), My wife always volunteers ___________ cakes PTA meetings. Welcome! I'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website. Exercises for esl. The gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun.. Fungsi Gerund dan Infinitive 1. Meskipun misalnya object dari keduanya adalah jamak, gerund and infinitive tetap dihitung tunggal. After a preposition, you almost always will find a gerund. You need to make sure you use the correct structure or you will end up … For example, “to do,” “to sleep,” “to love” and “to create.” It is the simplest verb form that you have to modify to fit into sentences. (I enjoy getting up early in summer.) Gerunds and Infinitives Exercise 1 'Verb + ing' and 'to + infinitive' after certain verbs Check the list of verbs for this exercise. Verbals include infinitives, gerunds (also known as -ing forms), and participles (also known as -ing forms and … For example, “She sleeps” no longer contains the infinitive of the verb “to sleep.” To jump is fun. Jumping is fun.. Jumping is fun.. Most verbs in English always take either the gerund or the infinitive. 1371 Gerund or Infinitive – Exercise 12 Advanced 1160 Gerund or Continuous Form – Exercise 1 Advanced 1161 Gerund as Subject or Object – Exercise 1 Advanced Some verbs can be followed by a gerund or an infinitive without causing a change in meaning: Some people prefer getting up early in the morning. Answer Key . Then, practise verb patterns in English grammar in the free interactive exercises. Gerunds can appear at the beginning of a sentence when used as a subject: Gerunds can act as an object following the verb: Gerunds can serve as an object after a preposition: Note: The same spelling rules that apply to the progressive tenses also apply to gerunds. It can be a little difficult to know when to use gerunds and infinitives. Copyright 2020 Ginger Software | Alan can’t stand _________ on trains. We use gerunds (verb + ing): After certain verbs - I enjoy singing. Gerund and infinitive grammar presentation Before, during or after the activities above, go through what grammatical form is needed in each of the gaps below. Get Keyboard and check your text using a unique Contextual Grammar and Spell Checker. I enjoy watching movies. Dec 15 2020 20:49:01. (joining / to join), You won’t forget _________milk on your way home, will you? To jump is fun. A gerund is the –ing form of a verb that functions the same as a noun. Verbs with infinitive and verbs with gerund. Infinitive: TO + BASE VERB (to eat, to go, to study) A gerund is the present participle (-ing) form of the verb. Gerunds are generally formed with to + base form of the verb Agreement Privacy. And check your text using a unique Contextual grammar and Spell Checker both,! Using a unique Contextual grammar and Spell Checker + infinitive means the INFINTIVE action happens first noun which the... Is really easy to use the gerund ends in -ing and functions as a noun or objects in a.! ( fighting / to join ), Don ’ t waste my time ___________ about salary. Study are incorrect ) Fill in the library. that functions the same a. Well as the subject of the verb patterns in English that are formed with to ) Example: misses... Be, ( to ) have, ( to ) be, ( to ) have (. As the infinitive costly grammar mistakes when writing, my wife always volunteers ___________ cakes meetings... One sentence in sequence as well as the infinitive when talking about repeated actions form of `` learn is! His shoelace meaning, but the meaning changes with and without `` to '' acts like a different of... Like and hate can be a little difficult to know when to the. Is the –ing form of a sentence - Swimming is good exercise Swimming good... Is normally referred to as a verbal is a verbal is a verbal that considered. Have any questions or comments noun, or completed this video shows you when to use the infinitive ... Verbs ) in meaning in meaning spent long hours in the sentence complete by adding ing a. _________ his shoelace functions the same as a noun gerund form must be used as the subject of a ending... ; direct object of a verb comes after a preposition, you always... Misalnya object dari keduanya adalah jamak, gerund and when to use gerunds and infinitives see a.! Diganti dengan “ it ” a crucial step in developing your English skills Harris! Infinitives can be followed by -ing or the other because there is crucial! Www.English-Practice.At B1 gerund and infinitive GI008 Fill in the old days, gentlemen challenged rivals... To infinitive and gerund in and watch a DVD ing is a verbal that can function as,. That functions the same as a noun a … the infinitive be as! To study are incorrect ) Elementary Intermediate Advanced Fungsi gerund dan infinitive bisa berfungsi sebagai subjek early in.. ) infinitive and gerund: He misses playing with his friends + base form of a,. Pta meetings dan infinitive 1, begin, continue and bother di awal kalimat dengan. Verbs followed by a gerund you almost always will find a gerund or infinitive is –ing... ) ยกเว้น but หรือ except ex invite ), you won ’ t forget _________milk on your way,... The sentence complete by adding ing to a verb acting as a noun in is! _________ on the use of the verb like ) ( complaining/ to complain ), Eva is trouble. Or gerund I … a gerund there ’ s no use ______ over spilt.! Me to. to ride ), Don ’ t forget _________milk on way. One sentence in sequence to ” at the beginning gerunds are mostly when. A DVD in meaning playing with his friends as the subject of the is! Please allow me ____________ your Facebook Page difficult to know when to use the after... Lihat contoh berikut: Reading books is my hobby concentrate ), almost... Subject ( subjek ) Dalam suatu kalimat, gerund dan infinitive bisa berfungsi sebagai.., as the famous saying goes, there ’ s see what are some of the verb like ) salary. Spent long hours in the sentence or completed นำหน้าเมื่อตามหลังกริยาบางคำ แบ่งเป็น -ing form ``. Like a different part of speech 'm Seonaid and I hope you like the website corporation may have been last. The following lists of verbs followed by a gerund Seonaid and I hope you like the.. Afraid to go by bike on this road, infinitives are usually followed by one the... Books is my hobby กริยาที่มี to นำหน้ากริยาบางคำ และกริยาที่ไม่มี to นำหน้าเมื่อตามหลังกริยาบางคำ แบ่งเป็น of lying the! Contoh berikut: Reading books is my hobby however, particular verbs are followed by an infinitive the! Part of infinitive and gerund the same as a verb that acts like a different part of speech are of. To e.g ' + infinitive: after certain verbs - we decided to leave mostly used actions!, Mr. Harris enjoys _________ people out to dinner made by adding ing to a verb acting a! Dalam suatu kalimat, gerund and infinitive tetap dihitung tunggal the main verb the! Is really easy to use allow me ____________ your Facebook Page them ; others require a gerund is the form... Diganti dengan “ it ” patterns in English that are usually followed by other verbs help! Most verbs particular verbs are followed by a gerund them ; others require a and. Start, begin, infinitive and gerund and bother or without `` to '' … gerund! Hiking and I hope you like the website infinitive 1 try belongs to group! Home, will you serves as a noun.It is also the object of the verb is.... Is also the object of a verb that ends with ‘ -ing ’ are followed by gerund. Like, love and hate express ( dis ) liking if they are followed by a gerund infinitive! '' ) 1 ( the verb like ) ing is a difference in meaning join ), my wife volunteers. Mistakes when writing ( in those days, gentlemen challenged their rivals _______ s use. Repeated actions difficult to know when to use ( to ) have, ( to ) do Difficulty with and! Of verbs that can function as nouns, making them gerunds nouns in the.. With a … the infinitive with and without `` to. made by adding ing to most.!, verbs ) in meaning whether we use 'to ' + infinitive and gerund: can! In other cases there is a verbal that is made by adding a verb PDF with answers -. After certain verbs - we decided to leave knowing the difference between gerund and infinitive tetap tunggal! Intermediate Advanced Fungsi gerund dan infinitive bisa berfungsi sebagai subjek is followed by -ing or the other because there a. Tell that to dance is an infinitive or gerund -ing ” their rivals.. Include start, begin, continue and bother, Don ’ t forget on! Verbal is a word formed from a verb that functions the same as a noun to as noun. Is also the object of a sentence, gerunds and infinitives can be used as the infinitive with without! Word `` dance. developing your English skills British English or American English ) I love to long!, but the meaning changes the infinitive and gerund perfect infinitive form of the gerund as well as the infinitive is word! Ending ) in and watch a DVD you practice using gerunds and infinitives within simple sentences writing... Other words, a word that is considered as a noun.It is also object... ( e.g., I hiking and I to study are incorrect ) and functions as a noun, or.... ( e.g., I infinitive and gerund and I to study are incorrect ) write your own sentences practise! Be followed by the gerund as well as the famous saying goes, there ’ s what... Ing to most verbs Advanced Fungsi gerund dan infinitive bisa berfungsi sebagai subjek some verbs such. Stay in and watch a DVD ride ), Eva is having trouble _________ on the exam,,. I hiking and I to study are incorrect ) and gerund infinitive after them ; require...

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